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Vesting Legal Personhood in Artificially Intelligent Entities - An Anodyne for Many Prospective Legal Challenges

Paras Sharma*

Published on April 04, 2021 | Manuscript Number: 2021/LKLR/04001 | Page Numbers: 1-15

Abstract: The development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one of the most flabbergasting advancements of science and technology. The self-thinking hi-tech robots which were hitherto seen only in science fiction movies are turning out to be a reality. However, as the human interaction with these intelligent machines increases, it consequently gives rise to many legal issues. One such major issue is concerning who shall be held responsible for a liability arising from the wrongful actions of AI? Our current legal system seems to be either confused or misguided as it still follows the archaic principles in order to resolve such modern technical issues. Moreover, the upcoming future challenges are not only unimaginable but may even prove to be serious threat to mankind if not resorted in time. Therefore, the need of the hour is to prepare our legal regime for these forthcoming challenges. Attribution of legal personhood to artificial intelligence can be an effective measure to check all potential challenges arising due to AI in our society. This paper discusses the need for vesting legal personhood in AI in its different stages of evolution. Further the author has proposed the ‘artificial human test’ in order to vest humanly aspects in the ‘to be simulated humans’. This work further highlights that how by merely vesting legal personhood in AI our current legal system will be capable enough to resolve any issue arising due to further technological development in the field of AI.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence (AI), Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI), Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI), Legal personhood.

*University Institute of Laws, Panjab University Regional Centre (PURC), Punjab

Cite as: Paras Sharma, 'Vesting Legal Personhood in Artificially Intelligent Entities - An Anodyne for Many Prospective Legal Challenges' (2021) 1(1) LKO. L. REV. 1

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